The Wright Brothers' Airplane Compared to Insect Flight Design
Arthur L. Manning
The Wright brothers' activities in inventing the airplane are set forth. They include library research, conscious imagining of a solution to flight's demands, kite experiments, communication with experts, glider experiments, experiments with a wind tunnel, and propeller design. Then the aerodynamics of insect flight is considered, demonstrating their superb sophistication. It is concluded that since human flight was in fact the result of such a high degree of intelligent planning, certainly the Creator's design is even more directly obvious in the origin of insect flight.
The Saguaro National Park (east) Mylonites, Ultramylonites, and Cataclasites: Evidence in Support of the Genesis Flood
Carl R. Froede Jr., George F. Howe, and John R. Meyer
Saguaro National Park (east) is located on the eastern side of Tucson, Arizona. It encompasses both the Tanque Verde Ridge and most of the Rincon Mountains. The park affords a wonderful opportunity to examine a relatively untouched desert environment dominated by Saguaro cactus. We examined the western portion of the Park (defined by the area along Loop Drive) to better understand rocks defined as mylonites, ultramylonites, and cataclasites. In Arizona, these metamorphic rocks are found in the Basin and Range province and are associated with metamorphic core complex mountains. The Saguaro National Park (east) provides an excellent setting to examine these unique shear-altered rocks and understand the processes involved in their formation. Our preliminary assessment indicates that tectonic processes formed these rocks during the Genesis Flood.
Flood Geology of the Crimean Peninsula Part II: Conglomerates and Gravel Sandstones of the Demerdji Formation
Alexander V. Lalomov
Conglomerates and Sandstones of the Demerdji Formation assigned to the Upper Jurassic comprise the third major stratigraphic sequence of the Crimean peninsula (southeast Europe, Black Sea coast). The basement of the Crimean sedimentary sequence consists of highly metamorphized rocks assigned to Precambrian and/or Paleozoic erathems. The second structural floor consists of folded sandstones and shales of Tavrick and Eksiordian Formations. The conglomerate contains exotic clasts with the probable source area located in the Ukrainian Crystalline Massif, up to 400 km to the north. This formation has numerous features that demonstrate its formation in a vigorous hydraulic regime. Hydraulic parameters derived from grain analysis suggest ranges of hydraulic conditions during the Flood, and erosion of the underlying flysch indicates a strong variation of hydraulic conditions during the main phase of the Flood. To the extent that these Crimean formations are typical of other geosynclinal settings, they can be used to interpret sedimentary sequences in other fold belts.
La Brea Tar Pits: Evidence of a Catastrophic Flood
According to the traditional view, the La Brea Tar Pits were pools of entrapment for unwary animals. This view fails to account for a variety of anomalies, including the disarticulation and intermingling of skeletal parts, the lack of teeth marks on herbivore bones, the absence of soft tissues, the inverse ratio of carnivores to herbivores, the numerical superiority of water beetles among insect species, and water saturation of wood debris. An alternative theory assuming a catastrophic flood is a better explanation of the data. This theory can apply to other late Pleistocene fossil sites, where similar anomalies occur. Fossil deposition by catastrophic flood seems to be global in scope. These considerations provide strong confirmation for the young Earth-Flood model of geologic history.
Helioseismology: Implications for the Standard Solar Model
Jonathan F. Henry
Helioseismology, the study of solar vibrations, has revealed a higher degree of homogeneity in the sun than is commonly assumed. This is contrary to the standard solar model (SSM), in which the sun is assumed to be segregated into a core region and radiative and convective regions which do not experience significant mixing with the core. Furthermore, a degree of solar homogeneity and concomitant mixing implies a lower core temperature than is typically assumed, which in turn means that significant helium production may not be occurring in the sun. Deuterium produced via hydrogen fusion therefore may not be consumed in producing helium. The deuterium abundance of the interstellar medium appears to be consistent with the possibility that deuterium is not consumed in the sun via helium production, but escapes into interplanetary space due to the sun's homogeneity.