A Partial Mandible in the Stomach Contents of a Tyrannosaurus rex
Robert Brown, Otis Kline, Darek Isaacs, Jack Cuozzo
A partial mandible was discovered in a mass of fossilized stomach matrix near an incomplete Tyrannosaurus rex skeleton found in Dawson County, Montana, in 2009. The dissection of the T. rex stomach contents revealed a partial mandible with a secodont, two-cusped last molar tooth in a damaged socket. The bone of the mandible was structurally damaged, but it was only mildly attacked by stomach acids, strongly suggesting the T. rex died shortly after eating the animal. Electron microscope analysis of the tooth enamel remaining on the partly digested specimen indicated it belonged to a small mammal. The stomach of the dinosaur was filled with fossilized mud and sand that protected the mammalÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s jaw from further digestion. This also showed clear evidence that the T. rex died by drowning. In addition, the electron microscope studies of the teeth suggest a slower-than-modern-day development of the mammalian dental enamel prisms.
A Survey of Lightning
Don B. DeYoungLightning is a dramatic and poorly understood display of electrostatic energy. Present thinking is reviewed on its production and behavior. The multiple purposes of lightning give evidence of intelligent design, especially the transformation of atmospheric nitrogen to a usable form for plants, animals, and people. Varieties of lightning and their control with lightning rods are briefly described. Fulgurites, popularly called fossilized lightning, are suggested as possible evidence for a young earth.
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Massive Mountain Planation of the Eastern Canadian Seaboard
Large planation surfaces have been documented around the world. Secular geologists are hard pressed to explain them, while diluvial explanations appear reasonable. Such a large-scale planation surface is documented on the Canadian seaboard. It appears to be a dissected planation surface covering over 800 km in Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, and Labrador. Of the possible explanations for its origin, only one appears to fit the facts of the field: a large, fast-flowing sheet of water eroding the rocks of the area. It has yet to be determined if erosion happened at todayÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s elevations or whether there has been subsequent uplift. It is possible that many identified unconformities are simply planation surfaces distorted during uplift.
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Dobzhansky: 40 Years Later Nothing Makes Sense
Forty years ago Theodosius Dobzhansky, a scientist credited with developing the reigning paradigm of neo-Darwinism, published his iconic article with the famed title, Ã¢â‚¬Å“Nothing in Biology Makes Sense Except in the Light of Evolution.Ã¢â‚¬Â The intervening decades have seen his three predictions falsified; namely those regarding genetics and the tree of life, the role evolution theory would play in the progress of biological science, and one particular Arab sheik whom Dobzhansky identified by name. DobzhankyÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s claims are evaluated in the light of four decades of hindsight, much additional scientific research, and the continued development of the creation model. His arguments regarding the diversity of life, biological universals, and abiogenesis are answered in a point-by-point presentation.
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The Origins and Genetic Functions of Pseudogenes
Pseudogenes are genes that ostensibly lack the transcription or translation machinery required to produce protein. They are often used by Darwinists as evidence for the wasteful process that resulted from the evolution of the genome and, indirectly, as evidence for common descent because they appear to be evolutionary leftovers of past evolution life-forms. Recent research indicates that some or many pseudogenes do have a function, and several functions are discussed.
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