The Uniqueness of Humans Is Clearly Demonstrated by the Gene-Content Statistical Baraminology Method


by Jean K. Lightner and Matyas Cserhati

The Creation Research Society’s eKINDS (examination of kinds in natural diversification and speciation) research project has been working with a newly developed statistical baraminology tool, the genecontent method. In this paper we apply this method to several vertebrate taxa: humans, simians (monkeys and apes), two other mammalian taxa (Felidae, or cats, and Muridae—mice and rats), and two avian taxa (Galliformes, or chicken-like birds; and Anseriformes—ducks, geese, and swans). Three of the four non-primate taxa have good hybridization data, allowing us to compare our findings here to other lines of evidence. The results were largely consistent with what would be expected based on previous studies and current taxonomy, with one exception: humans are clearly distinct from all other taxa, including simians; the great apes more naturally fit in with the monkeys. These findings conflict with the popular-level evolutionary narrative that humans are closely related to the great apes. Instead, the results are in keeping with the biblical narrative that God created creatures according to their kinds, with humans being created separate from all other animals.