CRSQ Abstracts, 2013, Volume 49, Number 3 (Winter)

The Uinta Mountains and the Flood
Part II. Geomorphology

Michael J. Oard

During the late stages of the Flood, uplift and erosion of the Uinta Mountains created planation surfaces. The highest is the Wild Mountain upland surface. A lower broad pediment, the Gilbert Peak erosion surface, is seen as erosional remnants on the north, east, and south sides of the mountains and is best observed on the north side. Later significant erosion of the uplifted core created the Bishop Conglomerate, a formation of large quartzite boulders covering much of the Gilbert Peak erosion surface. Afterwards, the Gilbert Peak surface was dissected and many water gaps were cut, providing courses for the Green and Yampa Rivers. The final geomorphic event in the Uintas was post-Flood glaciation. Thus, most major geomorphological features found in the Uinta Mountains are readily explained by the recessive stage of the Flood. Implications of this interpretation include: (1) a very late Cenozoic post-Flood boundary in this region, and (2) Flood, not post-Flood, deposition of the Green River Formation.

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An Analysis of Astronomical Aspects
of the Hydroplate Theory

Danny R. Faulkner

In his hydroplate model, Walt Brown makes a number of statements and claims concerning astronomical issues. Many of these statements and claims are incorrect and/or misleading. This study presents an analysis of these problems. It is left to others to judge the merits of the geological arguments of the hydroplate theory.

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Formic Acid:
A Significant but Ignored Product
in the Miller-Urey Experiment

John M. DeMassa and Edward A. Boudreaux

In 1953 Stanley Miller tested a hypothesis put forward by A.I. Oparin and, later, J.B.S. Haldane concerning the origin of life. The classic experiment is frequently cited in the popular literature and programing as evidence supporting the formation of primitive cellular organisms from polypeptides that self-organized over millions of years. Yet many of the reaction products from Miller's experiment are more problematic for the model than advocates readily admit. Among these is formic acid, reportedly present at about double the combined concentrations of identified amino acids including glycine, alanine, aspartic acid, and glutamic acid. Formic acid can produce a significant negative impact on the formation and stability of components such as a hypothetical polypeptide. Consequently, advocates of the Oparin-Haldane-Miller theory are faced with an acute problem. The present paper explores the reaction chemistry of aqueous formic acid and an imaginary polypeptide assumed to be present in the primordial ocean.

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The Problem of Amphibian Origins

Jerry Bergman

The fossil and other evidence for the evolution of amphibians from non-amphibians is reviewed, concluding that the first known amphibians were very similar to modern amphibians. All of the major groups of amphibians are evaluated, including frogs (Anura), salamanders (Caudata), and caecilians (Gymnophiona). As far as can be determined from the earliest fossil evidence, frogs, salamanders, and caecilians are morphologically nearly identical to modern frogs, salamanders, and caecilians. The implications of this finding for the creation model then are discussed.

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Upright Petrified Trees
of Ramshorn Peak, Montana

Arthur Manning

Two upright petrified trees on Ramshorn Peak, Montana, were examined. One is quite large and located near the summit of this high mountain. The second is unusually tall and is located at a lower elevation. They are similar to those found in the Specimen Ridge area of Yellowstone National Park. Field evidence corresponds with a Flood model, based on observations from the 1980 Mount St. Helens eruption. They were likely catastrophically uprooted, then floated on the waters, and then sank in an upright position, where they were buried and petrified. Finally, they were exposed by the uplift of the land and erosion of the Floodwaters running off in the recessive stage of the Flood.

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