Copyright © 1970,
2000 by the Creation Research Society. All rights reserved.
Volume 7, Number 1
Critique Of Stellar Evolution
The theory that stars condense
spontaneously from interstellar clouds is challenged from several standpoints.
Entropy and force calculations are presented, the results of which indicate
that such a process would be contrary to the workings of nature. The
circular reasoning inherent in astronomical dating methods is discussed,
along with a sampling of the many age discrepancies in the literature
today. The conclusion from this study is that such dating methods are
entirely devoid of scientific value, since they involve guessing at
an evolutionary history for the object being dated. Other topics discussed
include the alleged serial relationships among stars and problems of
planet and galaxy formation.
The Earth In Space And Time
Harold W. Clark, M.A.
This paper discusses the
problem of the origin of the earth and heavenly bodies in the light
of the Genesis record and modern scientific discoveries.
Since introduction of pagan
philosophical interpretation into Christian theology in the fourth and
fifth centuries A.D., Christian scholars have had to battle against
Modern astronomy has pushed
back the bounds of the universe both in space and time, but so far as
any explanation of the manner of its origin, nothing but hypotheses
have been offered. No proofs of any kind have been forthcoming.
Atomic physicists have given
strong support to the doctrine of creation by the discovery of the relation
between matter and energy. But no explanation has ever been offered
that will show the source of the energy units from which material substance
was derived. The Bible alone answers the question by saying that "by
him all things consist." (Col. 1:17)
Attempts to push the time
of the flood and creation back many thousands of years beyond the records
of Genesis have met with very serious problems, and a careful analysis
of the situation supports the "short-time" chronology.
It is important that Christian
scholars avoid being "uniformitarian creationists" and thereby
surrender the fundamental principles of true creationism.
Is There Life On Other Worlds?
A Critical Reassessment Of
Frank W. Cousins
The case for life on other
worlds is examined according to three hypotheses that are presently
put forward, viz.
- That there are numerous
planetary abodes for life in the Milky Way and in the extragalactic
- That simple life came
into being by a fortuitous assemblage of inorganic matter in the primeval
oceans of the earth.
- That life has evolved
from a simple beginning on earth and that it will have proceeded in
a similar fashion on the other hypothetical planets.
Evidence on each of these
three counts is shown to be unsatisfactory and the intellectual edifice
one that is open to considerable doubt. The question of life on other
worlds is seen to be an open one.
Are There Corporeal Living
Beings Outside The Earth
The question, whether there
are corporeal living beings elsewhere than on the Earth, is investigated
with the help of information both from observation and from Scripture.
Within the solar system, the evidence from observation alone shows fairly
conclusively that there is no extraterrestrial life. Beyond the solar
system, observation provides little evidence one way or the other. Scripture,
however, and especially certain parts dealing with concepts of the fall
and redemption provides strong evidence to show that there are no rational
corporeal living beings outside the Earth. And, again on grounds of
Scripture, it is suggested that if there are no rational beings, then
there are no irrational beings.
The Nature Of Speculations
Concerning The Origin Of Life
Duane T. Gish, Ph.D.
Though a majority of scientists
believe that the origin of life was due to a natural evolutionary process,
a significant minority disagrees.
By examining some important
implications and limitations, prejudicial aspects of the materialistic
position are made manifest with regard to some of the experimental work
being conducted today in support of speculations on the origin of life.
Attention is given to the
impossibility of the existence of many present day reagents on a primitive
earth, and to weaknesses of many comparisons of precellular models of
actual cellular conditions, before a five point of enumeration of problems
that must be solved by a naturalistic approach.
Is The Universe A Thermodynamic
Emmett L. Williams, Ph.D.
To ask the question, Is
the universe a thermodynamic system?, is meaningless scientifically.
Scientific opinions regarding the extent of the universe vary widely.
Examples of both conservative statements and unqualified speculation
are found in current reports. There is no way to determine the extent
of the universe or its thermodynamic character at the present time using
the scientific method alone. However, a Christian may use the Scriptures
and reach the conclusion that the universe is a thermodynamic system,
since it is subject to the first and second laws of thermodynamics.
It is speculated herein that the universe is also an isolated thermodynamic
Origin And Development Of
Thomas G. Barnes, D.Sc.
The generalized concept
of energy and the law of conservation of energy are developed from a
historical point of view. The second law of thermodynamics is presented
as a companion law. These two laws are shown to present a paradox to
the evolutionary theories of the origin and development of the universe.
The creation point of view is shown to remove that paradox.
Carbon-14 And The "Age"
Of The Atmosphere
Melvin A. Cook, Ph.D.
Formation of Carbon-14 (14C)
in the earth's atmosphere exceeds the known rate of decay for 14C
by a significant amount. The author of the radiocarbon method, Dr. William
Libby, has attempted to explain this discrepancy by assuming that some
of the 14C is continually and irretrievably deposited in
The present paper shows
that Libby's explanation leads to preposterous conclusions and is no
"explanation" at all. The discrepancy continues to exist,
it is real, and it is evidence that may be used to defend the Biblical,
not the geological time scale.
Time, Life And History In
The Light Of 15,000 Radiocarbon Dates
Robert L. Whitelaw
In the twenty years since
introduction of radiocarbon dating by Libby, some 91 universities and
laboratories in 25 different countries have dated over 15,000 independent
specimens of once-living matter. Almost every imaginable form of life
both recent and ancient is represented, gathering from every corner
of the globe, including "prehistoric" man, a wide range of
fossil flora and fauna, and even coal, petroleum and natural gas. All
such matter is found datable within 50,000 years as published.
When the published dates
are corrected for a basic scientific error in the method, they not only
point to a recent creation, but they show an unmistakable world-wide
disappearance of man and animals for a long period about 5,000 years
ago. On the hypothesis that this drop-off corresponds to the Genesis
Flood, it is then possible to derive a Carbon-14 production rate variation
with time, which in turn leads to a better correction from published
to true dates.
When the true dates of 9,671
independent specimens of animals, trees and human culture are then separated
into three categories, and their distribution studied from creation
to present in 500-year intervals, a most remarkable confirmation of
the details of Biblical Creation and Noachian Flood can be seen on fourteen
separate counts. This is shown graphically in Figure 3.
The hypothesis employed
is thus confirmed! The evolutionary concept of time, life and history
stands thoroughly discredited, and the Biblical record of creation and
flood just as thoroughly vindicated.
The Mystery Of Buried Redwood
V. L. Westberg
This paper is a report of
evidence concerning redwood trees that are deeply buried in California
strata. Such trees present a problem to uniformitarian geologists, but
they fit clearly with explanations presented in terms of the Noachian
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