Copyright © 1988,
2000 by the Creation Research Society. All rights reserved.
Volume 22, Number 2
The Retina Of The Eye - An
Evolutionary Road Block
H. S. Hamilton, M.D.
This paper relates to the
marked differences between the eyes of invertebrates and vertebrates
with particular reference to retinal function and structure, the latter
accentuating grave problems in their supposed evolutionary development.
In image-producing eyes (Cephalopods and vertebrates) the exceedingly
unlikely occurrence of two distinct and structurally contrasting retinas
evolving by any non-teleological chance process is discussed. From the
material presented it is concluded that omniscient Intelligence has
designed and created the organs of vision as we encounter them in living
Archaeology And The Antiquity
Of Ancient Civilization: A Conflict With Biblical Chronology? - Part
Stan F. Vaninger, M.A.
Two of the pillars used
in support of the conventional chronology of ancient history have been
the Carbon-14 dating method and astronomical dating methods. In recent
years it has been recognized that there are many problems with the C-14
method and that the results of C-14 analysis are often discarded when
they do not yield expected results. Velikovsky's attempt to penetrate
the secret workings of the scholastic establishment shows that not all
problems of the C-14 method are technical ones. Both Velikovsky and
Courville as well as other writers have exposed the weaknesses and inadequacies
of the astronomical methods used to establish certain dates in Egypt's
ancient history. With these two so-called "pillars" removed,
the conventional chronology of ancient times loses some of its awesome
sanctity and we can feel much less inhibited about considering the alternative
presently worked out by Velikovsky, Courville, and others.
The only other possible
source of conflict wtih Biblical chronology is th eduration of man's
pre-historic periods is evolutionary bias. If we dispose of the unfounded
myth that man evolved from ape-like animals over a period of millions
of years, then there is no reason why the cultural developoments that
occurred during the pre-historic ages could not have occurred ove a
relatively short interval of time.
Origin Of The Kaibab Squirrel
John R. Meyer, Ph.D.
Since its origin, the Grand
Canyon of the Colorado River has provided an effective barrier, isolating
the Kaibab squirrels on the north rim from the Abert squirrels on the
south rim. The differences in these squirrels have been used as a classical
example of the role of geographical isolation in evolution. This paper
examines the differences in the two populations and describes the nature
and extent of the isolating mechanism. It then evaluates the applicability
of the violations of restrictions of the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium
population. The study concludes that the Kabab squirrel populations
should be an ideal test group for assessing the extent of changing gene
frequencies across the uniformitarian time scale claimed for the formation
of the Grand Canyon. Evidence is presented showing violations of all
of the Hardy-Weinberg restrictions for an equilibrium population but
with only minute differences between the two populations. This does
not correlate well with the standard explanation for the time of formation
of the isolation barrier. It is suggested that these data provide indirect
evidence for a very recent origin of the Grand Canyon.
Perspectives On The Origin
Terrance L. Smith and
The two main theories of
the evolutionary origin of the mitochondria are examined. Evidence that
is frequently cited to support each theory is presented to determine
how well it supports each. It is concluded that most of the evidence
can be fit into either scheme, and that even the best data constitute
only circumstantial evidence in favor of any evolutionary origin of
Subparticles And Realism
In Quantum Theories
Robert A. Herrmann, Ph.D.
This is the first article
in the series entitled Nature: The Supreme Logician. I describe
how new methods in mathematical logic automatically yield the logical
existence of subparticles. The necessity for subparticles follows from
the most basic logical operator that produces a describable change in
the behavior of a natural system. Subparticles apparently yield a mediating
structure for all quantum transitions, provide an actual substratum
for relativistic and cosmological theories and may be the physical basis
for a pregeometry. It is shown that subparticles, their applications
and their production by a describable supermind process restore a universal
causality and determinancy to sytems that are describable by means of
a quantum mechanical language, among others.
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