Copyright © 1982,
2000 by the Creation Research Society. All rights reserved.
Volume 19, Number 1
Postfire Strategies Of Two
Chaparral Shrubs (Chamise And Ceanothus) Cast Light On Origins
George F. Howe, Ph.D.
How do you start with survival
of shrubs after fire and end up discussing origins models? This is what
Wells did when he claimed that Ceanothus evolved rapidly because
its species could not resprout after fire but had to use the seedling
mode of reproduction thereby being forced to undergo mutations, selection,
and speciation more rapidly than plants like chamise that resprout.
This paper contains a review of some of the data that conflict with
Well's evolutionary hypothesis.
The problem of how a plant
could have originally gotten the ability to resprout after fires is
discussed in terms of the neodarwinian microevolutionary model, the
newer evolutionary concept of "punctuated equilibria", and
the scientific creation model. Keeley has proposed a "stochastic
fire hypothesis" that fits quite well with our field data in particular
and with the scientific creation origins model in general. Keeley argued
that resprouters like chamise are well adapted for growth in areas where
fires are frequent and that obligate seeders like Ceanothus have
an advantage wherever fires come along after long fire-free periods.
The idea that both patterns of shrub growth after fire are advantageous
under certain circumstances supports creation scientists' belief that
there is a plan in nature.
Does Chromosomal Reorganization
Really Lead To The Origin Of New Species
Walter E. Lammerts, Ph.D.
Some people have appealed
to chromosomal reorganization as a way of getting large changes in a
hurry, as is needed according to the notion of punctuated equilibrium.
It is shown here that there is no evidence that such changes will really
lead to anything which is new, viable, and improved. Punctuated equilibrium
is still a hypothetical process, for which no mechanism can be found.
The Genetic Integrity Of
The "Kinds" (Baramins): A Working Hypothesis
A. J. Jones, Ph.D.
Modern evolutionary theory
is based on the assumption that all of heredity has its basis in the
DNA genes. Evidence is presented here to show that that assumption is
false. There are, in fact, two major interacting systems of heredity.
The implications of these facts for Creationist research are discussed.
The Sickle Cell Trait
Kevin Curtis McLeod
The sickle cell story is
often put forward as a demonstration of evolution. Here recent medical
knowledge concerning the trait is reviewed. It is seen that in sickle
cell nothing has evolved, improved, or increased in complexity. All
that happens is that in this case protection against one disease, malaria,
is conferred by another disease, sickle cell.
Cosmic Space And Time
Gerardus D. Bouw, Ph.D.
In this article the big
bang theory is examined critically. Points considered include problems
having to do with initial values, entropy, the initial expansion rate,
the relative abundance of matter and antimatter, the formation of stars
and galaxies, the interpretation of the cosmic red shift, the missing
mass, uncertainties in the Hubble relation and constant, the distribution
of quasars, the synthesis of elements, and the Schwartzschild radius
of the universe. It is concluded that the big-bang theory fails to provide
a satisfactory explanation of the universe.
The Oklo Natural Uranium
Reactor Examined From A Creationist's Viewpoint
Eugene F. Chaffin, Ph.D.
In 1972 evidence was discovered
that a body of uranium ore found at Oklo in Gabon, Africa, had once
been a natural reactor. At least six reactor zones existed in the pre-Cambrian
rock found at Oklo. Some have believed that the evidence indicates an
age of 1.9 billion years for the reactors. In this paper, arguments
are presented which show that the data are consistent with a more recent
date for the self-sustaining chain reaction which was achieved - a date,
in fact, which would be compatible with young-Earth Creationism.
The Mosaic Building Code
The author has come to believe,
from long study, that incorporated in the instructions about the Tabernacle
and the Ark of the Covenant, in Exodus, is a building code: instructions
about the exact way of building them, and of setting up the Tabernacle
after each time it was moved. In this article some of his investigations
The Longevity Accounts In
Donald W. Patten, M.A.
The longevity accounts in the Bible, mostly in Genesis, were contested
by some, but nevertheless were accepted as valid by such persons as
Josephus in the 1st century, Augustine in the 5th century A.D. and the
Puritan scientists in the 17th century A.D. WHY was subject not to doubt,
but to varying speculations.
Recorded in the Bible, especially
Genesis, are: (1) greatly extended lifespans, and (2) delayed sexual
maturation; and both must be related. Also in the Bible are: (3) an
abatement or decline of lifespans after the flood, and (4) yet a phenomenal
vigor in the lives of the patriarchs. Observed in nature are: (5) great
normal size for most fossil animals, and (6) an abatement or decline
in the size of animals in the Pleistocene, which is equated to the post-ice-age,
It is theorized here that
before the flood the atmosphere was like the present atmosphere in constituents
for oxygen, nitrogen and argon, but was different in humidity or water
vapor, and especially in carbon dioxide. Contemporary CO2
levels are 330 parts per million, partly due to burning of fossil fuels
in our age of petroleum. At the turn of the century it was 290 ppM.
However, gbefore the flood atmospheric CO2 is considered
to be 5000 ppM, some 15 times the current concentration.
The decline in atmospheric
CO2 is considered parallel to, and caused by, a decline in
temperatures of the oceans. Cold oceans will absorb CO2 out
of the atmosphere like a blotter; and it is believed that oceans have
dropped in average water temperature from a preflood 60oF
to a current 38oF. This is the physical cause for the depletion
of atmospheric CO2.
A decline in CO2
physiologically results, (specific only to the skin and the brain),
in a vasodilation of blood vessels and hence oxygenation of the brain
cells. The progressive decline of CO2 and hence the decline
of oxygenation of the brain cells, especially of the cells in the hypothalamus
in the mid brain, is considered the caue of the accelerated aging.
Accelerated aging is believed
caused by a more rapid breakdown of the suppression system of the hypothalamus.
A more active hypothalamus causes the diseases of aging. This is the
hypothalamus disregulation theory.
Besides the decline in lifespans
as seen in Genesis after the flood, there was also a decline in the
age of arrival at sexual maturity, and presumably skeletal maturity.
Hence the smallness of contemporary animals compared to fossil ones.
The numerical ages of the
patriarchs are one class of data. The phenomenal vigor of the patriarchs
is seen as supplying a strong internally consistent additional data
base, indicating that the data are reliable. Examples are taken in the
lives from the 5th, 10th, 15th and 20th generations after the flood
in the person of Joktan, Sarah, Job and Caleb.
Yet another corroboration
in the hypothesis of atmospheric decline in CO2 is seen in
the change of ancient climates. North China and Palestine are given
as illustration, further underscoring the theory.
Language Was Created, Not
Michael A. Harbin, Th.M.
During the preparation of
a graduate thesis in the area of comparative linguistics, the author
found that practically all linguistic theory is based on the evolutionary
hypothesis. But there is no sound reason for basing it thus; it is merely
a presupposition. The Biblical teaching, that language was brought into
being fully developed at the Creation, and that it was miraculously
diversified at the time of the Tower of Babel, is in beter accord with
The Expanding Universe Theory
Is Internally Inconsistent
Russell Akridge, Ph.D.
Free photons must lose energy
if the Big Bang is the origin of an expanding universe. Free photons
must not lose energy if the universe is expanding. This inconsistency
in photon behavior disproves the Big Bang expanding universe theory
that claims the universe is billions of years old. The evidence alleged
to support the Big Bang expanding universe theory is in beter agreement
with a vast recently created universe than with an expanding universe
billions of years old.
A Biblical Approach To Dating
The Earth: A Case For The Use Of Genesis 5 and 11 As An Exact Chronology
A method is proposed by
which the Bible can be used to pinpoint the exact date of Creation.
Arguments for gaps in the Genesis genealogies are refuted, and nine
evidences for a tight chronology are proposed.
Reality: Real Or Conventional
Jerry Bergman, Ph.D.
The process of constructing
reality, that is what passes for reality, is explored, the work of Berger
and Luckmann serving as a framework. It is concluded that once a structure
of belief is internalized, it is very resistant to change, regardless
of the empirical evidence for or against that structure. The same problem
is found with paterns of belief in science.
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