NEANDERTHAL, OH HOW I NEED YOU!
ERICH A. von FANGE
For a century or more, and despite some voices raised to the contrary,
Neanderthal man was touted as a bestial missing link; and that view
was used to support the theory of evolution. More recently it has become
apparent that Neanderthal was a true human, not so very much different
from modern man; and that fact is generally admitted, albeit sometimes
MECHANICAL DESIGN IN THE HUMAN BODY
DAVID A. KAUFMANN
In the real world a design logically implies a designer. The human
body abounds with both simple and complex parts with intricate designs.
The pulley is one of man's most work-saving machines. Thirteen examples
of pulleys in the human body, grouped into five classes, are discussed.
It is logical to conclude that these complex, mechanical examples did
not evolve by consecutive random accidents of unthinking molecules but
are the results of the planned thinking and workmanship of a Divine
A RECENT CREATION EXPLANATION OF THE 3° K BACKGROUND
BLACK BODY RADIATION
RUSSELL AKRIDGE, THOMAS BARNES, and HAROLD S. SLUSHER
We examine the big-bang explanation of the origin of the 3° K background
blackbody radiation over billions of years. We find the big-bang explanation
self-contradictory and unrealistic. We propose the Heating Model as
an explanation of the origin of the 3° K background radiation consistent
with a recent creation.
HAVE THE GENESIS KINDS EVER CROSSED?
FRANK LEWIS MARSH
Among special creationists today it is generally believed that basic
types of organisms cannot now cross. About the past, two schools of
thought exist. One holds that in the past some crossing probably occurred
nearer creation week when the stocks were more "viable" and
"virile" than now. The other school holds that crossing of
basic types never occurred, and that our modern basic kinds have, with
more or less internal variation, kept their general characteristics
ever since creation week. Attention is called to the opinion of geneticists,
based upon laboratory findings, that crossing of basic types has never
taken place. Each basic type is visibly distinguished by its unique
morphology, and the morphology of every organism is in turn determined
by the specific sequence of the same two pairs of nucleotides in the
DNA of the chromosomes. Dobzhansky, Lagerkvist, and Levine are quoted
on this point. The unique sequence of the nucleotides in an organism's
DNA determines the chemistry in its cells. Hybridization can occur only
between individuals in which the chemistries of the body cells are quite
similar. Such similarity occurs only among the members of the same Genesis
kind. These discoveries of geneticists have shown that "viability"
and "virility" have had nothing to do with the crossability
of basic types of organisms. Because crossability rests wholly upon
chemical compatibility (close similarity), and because such compatibility
does not exist between the members of different basic types of organisms,
it follows that two different basic types have never crossed. There
is no known case in which two morphologically different individuals
have produced a hybrid. Crossing of variants within a single basic type
may result in improved stocks, and again it may result in something
undesirable, such as the development of poisonous substances in the
hybrid. Monkshood and guayule are cited. Because of their amenability
to laboratory proof, in the study of origins two vitally important biological
principles or laws are (1) Basic types (Genesis kinds, baramins) cannot
cross; and (2) The Law of Limitation of Variation (Processes of variation
can go no further than to produce additional variants with already existing
basic types). Organic evolution and these two biological laws cannot
exist on the same planet at the same time.
IMPLICATIONS OF PALAEOLITHIC STRATIGRAPHY FOR CREATIONIST
MODELS OF PREHISTORY
Creationist models of world prehistory are usually enriched by geological
considerations and are integrated with biology and anthropology. Claims
concerning radiometric dating have been qualified or challenged. However,
the archaeological data from before the Neolithic have hardly been noticed.
In this article are outlined some of those data, and some implications
for Creationist models.
SPECIATION OR IRRUPTION: THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE DARWIN
G. H. HARPER
Criticism is made of the conventional use of the Darwin finches in
teaching. An alternative, 'irruption', theory is presented, to explain
the occurrence of the finches in the Galapagos Islands. This postulates
that all the species we know today arrived in the archipelago as a mass
irruptive migration movement from the north-east. The theory is explained
by reference to the European crossbills. In a discussion of the educational
role of the theory, it is suggested that we need to make more effort
to encourage the creative and critical faculties in advanced work in
schools and at undergraduate level. The occasional presentation of alternative
theories, and the discussion of their evaluation, are recommended as
means to achieving these aims.