Volume 13, Number 3
Selection: Artificial And Natural
Conditions in nature are such that some animals and plants thrive while others do not; indeed, some even die. A common expression is that nature selects some to live and discards others. Something of the sort does take place; but new and improved types, leading for instance to the gradual development of man from a single cell like the amoeba, natural selection brings about the discarding of accidental cripples and abnormal individuals, thus maintaining a standard.
The Ancients And Their Use
The author maintains that the division of history and prehistory into such divisions as the stone, bronze, and iron ages, with subdivisions, is at best an over-simplification, and at worst quite erroneus. For different materials were in use in different places at thesame time; and even at the same place different materials were in contemporaneous use for different reasons. Also, the facts that iron rusts away, while bronze and stone do not, and that the ancients, not being as wasteful as we, did not leave so much scrap about, mean that archaeological samples may give a distorted picture of the kinds of metals and other materials in use.
The re-interpretation of history, proposed here, fits very well into the Scriptural chronology.
In the course of the investigation, many curious facts are discovered about the ancient use of metals.
Who Came Before Columbus?
Evidence of seveal kinds is adduced to show that people from Europe or the Near East have come to the Americas long befor ethe time of Columbus. The knowledge that such things have happened may help in understanding how men spread throughout the world after the Flood, or after the dispersion from Babel. At the same time, the information found may throw light onto some puzzling aspects of the archaeology of the Americas.
Cave Formation By Rock Disintegration
The processes generally cited in theories of cavern formation are corrasion and solution. Neither of these processes adequately explains the presence of cave fill in many caves. A new concept in cavern formation involves a possible disintegration process due to the release of former high pressure on sediments that were being elevated form depths in which they were formed. This process can account for the relationship of cavern plans to joint systems, the generally horizontal development of caves, and other characteristics besides accounting for the formation of cave fill in place. This avoids the problem of explaining how cave fill can be transported into caves from outside. Application of the toery of disintegration to problems of origin of dome pits in caves is discussed, and the possibility of this explanation of the formation of caves in non-carbonate rocks is suggested.
This article is intended as a critique of the whole doctrine of macroevolution, particularly as the doctrine is commonly presented at schools and colleges. The well known textbook, Physical Anthropology, by Lasker, is cited to show how the doctrine is, in fact, presented. Citations from many authors show that practically every assumption of the macroevolutionary doctrine is, at best, questionable.
It will be understood that this article is not intended as an attack on Lasker, nor on his book. Rather, it is a criticism of the doctrine which the author assumed in his book.