Copyright © 1975, 2000 by the Creation
Research Society. All rights reserved.
Volume 12, Number 2
EVOLUTION, SCIENCE AND RELIGION
GLEN W. WOLFROM
There are those who object to the mention, in school, of Creation
as a possible origin of the world and living things on it. Usually
the objection is on the grounds that, while an account according to
the evolutionary theory is scientific, to mention Creation is to teach
religion. The author shows that any such objection is not well founded.
In the first place, no account of origins can be really scientific;
for origins cannot be observed, repeated, or subjected to experiment.
Moreover, evolutionary theory, as commonly presented, becomes in fact
a religion. The only fair thing, in considering origins, is to present
both possibilities for comparison. Moreover, it is pedagogically advantageous
to do so.
HORSE BRAIN, COW BRAIN
That the brain of the horse and the brain of the cow are basically
similar is not surprising, but it may be surprising that the cerebral
cortex of the two animals is so similar in detail, wrinkle for wrinkle
(fissure for fissure). This is especially surprising from an "evolutionary"
point of view since in the alleged ancestry between them there were
smooth brains that had no fissures.
THE CANOPY AND GENESIS 1:6-8
STANLEY V. UDD
Genesis 1:6-8 is the primary source of information concerning the
earth's early canopy. This portion of Scripture has been abused by
proponents of the three-storied universe concept. Close scrutiny of
that concept shows that the Biblical text cannot be cited as supporting
such a theory.
The second day of creation speaks of the creation of the atmosphere,
the location of the atmosphere, and the function of the atmosphere.
The text also clearly and repeatedly indicates that the initial canopy
was composed of water in the liquid state. Other passages such as
2 Peter 3:5-6 confirm the liquid nature of the canopy. This understanding
also brings to life the figures used in describing the Noachic Flood.
SCIENTISTS EVALUATE THE EXCEPTION
WILLIAM J. TINKLE
Science, by its very nature, must be centered on the type-the universal,
as the philosophers say. But the fact that scientists study individuals
should never be forgotten. Every individual, while typical, is also
exceptional in some respect. Thus the exception should never be ignored
or denied. Herein lies the error of uniformitarianists who are bound
by a dogma and deny exceptions, although there is clear evidence to
show that exceptions have happened and have been important.
ARGUMENTS AGAINST SYMMETRY AND
DESIGN FROM CHANCE EVENTS
HOWARD B. HOLROYD
The theory of evolution, whether in Darwin's original form or in
the modern form since the introduction of mutations, amounts, in
the final analysis, to saying that the forms of all of the living
creatures in the world have come about by chance. The obvious objection
is that, in cases in which scientists can follow what is happening,
intricate designs do not come about by chance. The author emphasizes
this point by reference to the sand paintings made by some tribes
of Indians. It might be claimed that, if sand of different colors
were mixed and scattered at random, a painting might result. But
nobody in his right mind would wait for such a thing to happen.
Since living creatures are more intricate than any sand painting,
how much less could they have come about by chance?
DARWIN'S LAST HOURS
Some have stated that Charles Darwin, toward the close of his life,
repudiated evolution and was enthusiastic for Christianity. In Christian
charity, one could wish that this were true; but according to the
evidence nothing of the sort happened. Some investigation into what
Darwin wrote, and presumably believed, in the last two years or
so of his life is described by the author.
USE OF THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
IN MACROSCOPIC FORM IN CREATION STUDIES
H. L. ARMSTRONG
Often creationists appeal to the second law of thermodynamics to
show that evolution could never have happened in the way commonly
alleged. Usually the second law is thought of in such arguments in
terms of statistical mechanics, or of information theory. The author
uses the law in its original macroscopic form, which entails nothing
at all about any microscopic structure of things, to reach the same
conclusion: that the alleged evolution is impossible. There may be
certain advantages to the macroscopic formulation: for instance, it
may leave less opportunity for quibbles about open and closed systems.
PLANT DORMANCY: A KEY TO THE PAST
(Genesis 1:14 and Plant Dormancy)
ALBERT B. FERGUSON
Many plants undergo periods of dormancy, which fit in with seasonal
changes of the weather. But it does not follow that dormancy is caused,
in the first place, by the weather. In fact, provisions of dormancy
at the right times are seen as more examples of the Creator's superb
skill and foresight.
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