Toppling the Timescale
Part I: Evaluating the Terrain
John K. Reed
The geologic timescale has stood as a fortress of uniformitarian
natural history for nearly two centuries. It is an intellectual idol
that must be overthrown in order to reassert biblical authority in the
realm of natural history. Most creationist critiques focus on empirical
detail and thus fail to address the weak religious and philosophical
foundations of the timescale. These foundations, rooted in the worldview
of naturalism, are the key to overthrowing the flawed and misleading
Water Gaps in the Alaska Range
Michael J. Oard
Two of the six water gaps through the Alaska Range will be briefly described.
These water gaps fit in with a worldwide pattern of well over one thousand
water gaps. Water gaps are a major mystery to uniformitarian geology.
The three main uniformitarian hypotheses for the origin of water gaps
will be analyzed and found wanting. There does not appear to be any
evidence for either of the two hypotheses suggested for the origin of
the Alaska Range water gaps. However, the Flood paradigm successfully
explains these water gaps, as well as practically all others, and even
wind gaps. Both wind and water gaps could have been rapidly carved during
the Channelized Flow Phase of the Flood, when strong water currents
were flowing perpendicular to mountains or ridges. An analog for a water
and wind gap occurred during the gigantic Lake Missoula flood at the
peak of the Ice Age.
The Primordial Seed of Life:
Creation, Spontaneous Generation, and Emergence Theory
Kareem I. Batarseh
In this work, I examine the origin of the universe in
terms of the complexity and the order exhibited in terrestrial life
by analyzing the universe’s design based on the “intelligent
design” of creation. This paper is based on a repertoire of scientific
resources and looks at whether an intelligent extraterrestrial “Creator”
exists or the entire universe emanated merely from “spontaneous
generation.” Drawing on different examples extracted from mathematical,
scientific, and philosophical resources, I hope to present a decisive
argument about the gap that exists between real creation and the mere
dogma of spontaneous generation. The emergence theory is discussed,
and a tangible example of the failure of the emergence theory is given.
The results suggest that two ostensibly very different aspects—not
even acting in spaces having the same dimension—actually are equivalent.
These two aspects are human perception and physics.
Origins of Apoptosis:
Selfish Genes or Intelligent Design?
Apoptosis is a complex biochemical mechanism whereby a specific cell
destroys itself under certain conditions, without injury to the cells
around it. A literature review reveals that neo-Darwinists have been
unable to explain how the mechanism for apoptosis could have evolved
in a step-by-step process. The mechanism of apoptosis regulates cell
life for the advantage of the organism as a whole and not for the mere
advantage to the genes, as Dawkins proposed. Apoptosis supports the
concepts of irreducible complexity and intelligent design.
Clays of the Central Georgia Kaolin Belt:
A Preliminary Evaluation
John Reed, Carl R. Froede, Jr.
Clays of the Central Georgia kaolin belt comprise a significant percentage
of commercial grade kaolin produced worldwide. Kaolin lenses occur in
terrestrial Coastal Plain sediments in east-central Georgia, in updip
sections near the Fall Line. Uniformitarian models of the clay’s
origin suggest the following sequence occurring over millions of years:
(1) kaolinite minerals slowly formed as weathering products of updip
igneous and metamorphic rocks of the Piedmont and Appalachian provinces,
(2) kaolinite was transported by rivers to the ancient coastline, and
(3) extensive, slow post-depositional changes resulted in nearly pure
kaolin bodies. However, present theories are troubled by a number of
inconsistencies and the diluvial paradigm may prove more fruitful for
understanding the occurrence of the clay. Though a diluvial model is
not presented, bounding parameters and key questions for such a theory
Was the Prostate Gland Poorly Designed?
The common claim that the prostate is poorly designed is reviewed,
and it is concluded that many very good reasons exist for its design
and placement around the urethra. The main prostate problem, benign
prostatic hypertrophy, is caused by disease, hormone imbalance, and
other health problems, not poor design.