44, Number 2
A Review of Stellar Remnants:
Physics, Evolution, and Interpretation
Danny R. Faulkner
Astronomers think that stars end their existence as one of three possible stellar remnants. In recent decades, astronomers have amassed a tremendous amount of observational data and theoretical models to support an evolutionary interpretation of stellar remnants. We survey this topic and discuss possible creationary responses to it.
Deep Wells—Deep Time?
John R. Doughty
Radiocarbon is found throughout the geological record. The confirmation of this hypothesis in the cases investigated in this paper strengthens the young earth creationist paradigm. This research builds upon carbon isotope analyses done on diamonds, coal, carbon dioxide gas wells and coal bed methane (CBM) gas wells where significant amounts of radiocarbon were found, and extends it to the analysis of deep natural gas wells. The resulting radiocarbon data, given as percent of modern carbon (pMC), provide a strong indication that both the carbon dioxide (0.58 pMC) and methane (0.32 pMC) gases found in the Ordovician strata of two Valverde Basin natural gas fields are thousands, not hundreds of millions years old.
(available to the public)
Investigation of Several Alleged Paleosols
in the Northern Rocky Mountains
Part II: Additional Data and Analysis
Peter Klevberg, Richard Bandy, Michael J. Oard
Paleosols, “fossil soils,” have been reported at several locations east of the Rocky Mountains in northern Montana, U.S.A., and southern Alberta, Canada. These alleged paleosols have been correlated between erosional remnants corresponding to the Flaxville Plain, an extensive surficial planar erosion surface. Based on correlation to magnetic reversals, a chronology of 2.6 million years has been published, supporting a uniformitarian paleogeographic and paleoclimatologic reconstruction that includes multiple glaciations. Fieldwork conducted at each of the alleged paleosol sites and laboratory analyses of selected samples of earth materials indicate that the paleosol interpretation is based on many questionable assumptions. Data are more readily interpreted from a diluvial perspective. Results of this investigation also indicate that pedostratigraphic and magnetostratigraphic “data” from other sites may need to be viewed with suspicion.
Full Article: [PDF]
Lava Extrusion and the Age of Iceland
The Mid-Atlantic Ridge is both a salient feature in the earth’s crust and a centerpiece for plate tectonics. It emerges from the sea in Iceland, a land famous for its active volcanism. Field and published data are integrated to better quantify lava extrusion rates and apply these results to natural history scenarios, including the uniformitarian and diluvial geologic paradigms. Also relevant are tectonic models, particularly the standard plate-tectonics model and its diluvial counterpart, catastrophic plate tectonics. Iceland provides a unique opportunity to compare diluvial predictions with those of common uniformitarian origin theories. Both field and published data are better explained by the diluvial geologic paradigm than by traditional theories. Both plate-tectonics models can be applied to the Mid-Atlantic Ridge in general and to Iceland in particular; however, a number of problems remain, and plate tectonics cannot change the chronological implications of the structure of the Icelandic lava pile.
Full Article: [PDF]